Monday, 17 March 2014

My Writing Process – Blog Tour

I'm delighted to be involved with this blog tour, and send my thanks to Margaret Skea for inviting me.

Okay the questions:

1) What am I working on?

Currently I'm putting the finishing touches to The Torrid Zone. This will be book six in my Fighting Sail series, which starts with His Majesty's Ship. Each of the Fighting Sail books can be read in isolation, although there is also a definite story arc. Torrid Zone is set just before the Peace of Amiens, HMS Scylla, my current central ship, is in sore need of a refit when she is despatched on one last journey. Her destination is the distant but strategically placed island of St Helena, and her mission: to deliver the island's new governor. But what should be a simple task proves otherwise when the British encounter a powerful French battle squadron, while the governor himself is anything but an easy passenger...

2) How does my work differ from others of its genre?

The Fighting Sail series follows the fortunes of a diverse bunch of seamen, ranging from ordinary hands on the lower deck, through petty and junior officers, right up to lieutenants, captains and even those of flag rank. I find that using a group, rather than one central hero, enables me to avoid the “charmed life” that so many fictional heroes seem to enjoy, and gives a more authentic glimpse into the navy of that day.

3) Why do I write what I do?

Several reasons; first of all, the period fascinates me. In the last twenty years there have been many changes in our world: the adoption of personal computers and tablets, mobile phones; the internet, etc. However, I would maintain that anyone living throughout the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars would have seen innovations that were almost as radical, and life changing. By then the Industrial Revolution was truly under way, with steam power and other mechanical marvels fast becoming common place. There were advances in nearly every other field as well, from medicine, science, and communications, through to logistics and transport; truly inspiring times.
And while we are making comparisons, people of the period were not so very distant from those of today. They might have different standards (certainly as far as hygiene is concerned), but a casual glance at the work of cartoonists and caricaturists of the period reveals many familiar faces staring back. 
Seamen at that time had something of the kudos of the modern day astronaut. Despite the draw of city life, most were only starting to become accustomed to travel, and many still lived and died in the same small village. But an ordinary hand could boast of seeing far off countries and cultures that those at home could only dream about. Fortunes were also within reach of the enterprising mariner: ignoring prize money (which was usually as elusive as it was unfairly distributed) the Far East, with all its mysteries and allure, was being made accessible by the East India Company, and a tidy pile might be accumulated through personal trade.
But, getting back to the question, probably the strongest attraction for me is the sea itself. Be it the mighty Atlantic as it is moved by the force of a gale, the absolute calm of the doldrums when a heavy sun loiters above the leaden ocean, or the crystal clear guardian of a coral reef: the sea can be both a magical backdrop or a captivating central character. But in any guise it remains as compelling as it is fascinating, and I can think of no greater accompaniment to telling a story. 

4) How does your writing process work?

I start each book by thoroughly researching the central subject. With those of the Fighting Sail series, this usually means the particular campaign or area where I will be sending my ships and men, as well as any political or social history that is especially relevant. True Colours entailed an in depth look at the mutinies at Spithead and the Nore, as well as visiting Duncan's North Sea Fleet, and the Battle of Camberdown, while Jackass Frigate centred on both the Bantry Bay invasion and Jervis' victory at St Vincent. Patriot's Fate concentrated on the Irish rebellion of 1798, viewed, (rather predictably), from the naval angle, and for Torrid Zone I took an in depth look at St Helena, and explored the island's many mysteries.
Turn a Blind Eye was a little different; in fact the whole book was something of a diversion, being based about the smuggling activities that were rampant on England's south coast during the turn of the nineteenth century. Besides reading up on the Preventative Service and our revenue laws, there was a good deal of social and local history to investigate.  I also had to conjure up a whole new cast of characters, along with their own particular peculiarities and histories. It was a fun book to write, but I was quite relieved to go back to series fiction. 
Research, and the first draft, usually takes about six months; the second, and any subsequent re-writes, a further three. After that the beast goes out to a valued team of readers, and is finally delivered to my publisher. Torrid Zone will be handled by Old Salt Press, who cater exclusively for those who love books about ships and the sea. Their writers currently include Rick Spilman, Joan Druett, and V. E. Ulett.
The closing of a book is both a happy and a sad occasion; rather like leaving a much loved child on their first day of school, something that has been so close for so long is effectively abandoned. You can only sit back and wait to discover what the rest of the world makes of it and, when you can summon the energy, get on with the next one...

I'm happy to hand over this blog hop to two excellent writers; Matthew Willis and S.K. Keogh. (My third choice was to have been Linda Collison, but I note that she has already been featured.)

Although S. K. Keogh lives far from the ocean, she is surrounded by water in the Great Lakes state of Michigan, where she lives and crafts her nautical series following the adventures (and mis-adventures) of Jack Mallory. Her “real life” job is in the health care field. Her hobbies include “horsing around” as an equestrian in the hunter/jumper/dressage world and travel (preferably to warm places).
The Prodigal was published in 2012 by Fireship Press. Her follow-up novel, The Alliance, was released in late 2013. The third book in the Jack Mallory trilogy will be released later in 2014. You can find out more about S.K. Keogh and her books at her website:

Matthew Willis, 37, is a writer and journalist living in Southampton, England. He is the author of the nautical adventure Daedalus and the Deep, published in 2013, and a number of books and features on historic aviation. Prior to this he worked as a journalist for motorsport titles such as Autosport and F1 Racing after completing a Master's degree in history and cultural studies of science at the University of Kent. 

Thursday, 6 March 2014

Background to a Book

One of the draft covers for Torrid Zone
I've now finished the second draft of The Torrid Zone, the next instalment in my Fighting Sail series. There is still much to do, of course; the actual book is not due to appear until April or May but at least we have the roof on, as it were. This time I have strayed from home waters; HMS Scylla is heading for the South Atlantic, her destination: the small island of St Helena, and on board she has Sir Terrance Hatcher, the island's new governor.

The history has been augmented slightly (that's why they call it Historical Fiction), but like most such tales my story has a firm basis in fact. Torrid Zone is set during the interregnum between two actual governors of St Helena: Robert Brooke, (retired March 1800), and Robert Patton who arrived two years later. Between those times Francis Robson acted as governor and appears in the book, although Sir Terrance Hatcher and his charming wife – you may learn more than you wish of her later – are totally figments of my imagination.

Mixing reality with fiction is always a dangerous business. Care must be taken not to distort what actually happened, and there is an unspoken undertaking to represent the facts as honestly as possible, if only out of respect to the memory of those who took part. But when such an important outpost as St Helena is left effectively unattended for so long, the opportunity is just too good to pass by. Then the research begins, and that is one of the most enjoyable parts. The history of St Helena is every bit as fascinating as any novel, and some of the people who feature almost cry out for a good deal more attention.
Robert Brooke (1744 - 1811)

Take Robert Brooke for instance. As the previous governor, he had departed before the tale begins and is only mentioned fleetingly, but in reality he properly deserves an entire book of his own.
Brooke was born in Ireland and first joined the HEIC as an aspirant officer in his early twenties. Following a period of illness, he moved back to his homeland where he established Prosperous, an industrial town in County Kildare, to serve the cotton industry. It was an ambitious project and received generous government support, but soon proved far too expensive, consuming all of Brookes' personal fortune. In the space of a few years he went from employing over three thousand people, to losing all of his property and owing what was rumoured to be an amount approaching that of Great Britain's entire national debt.

The town bell at Prosperous
Undeterred, he reapplied for service with the East India Company and, after initial rejection, (he had previously outstayed his leave) was finally accepted. Then, almost immediately afterwards, he found himself somewhat bizarrely appointed governor of St Helena, replacing Daniel Cornelille, and in control of one of the most important bases in Britain's burgeoning empire.

Despite his somewhat disastrous record in business, Brooke was to become one of the most successful governors of the island. St Helena's defences were improved to no small degree while under his control; he also instituted a better method of signalling, and extended the harbour installations that were both inadequate and dangerous.

The disaster at Prosperous clearly had not dulled his enthusiasm for enterprise; his plans to irrigate the island involved many miles of pipes, gullies and open streams, and were heavily opposed. But Brooke had the determination to see the scheme through and, on its completion, fresh water could finally be distributed to some parts of the island for the first time. Suddenly visiting fleets could be served in a more efficient manner, while the Company's considerable herds of cattle were not only able to survive the occasional drought, 
but also increased by 20%.

During his tenure Brooke also did much to improve the lot of the common soldier. His “miscreants' mess” was a particular case in point; until that time military discipline rested almost entirely on corporal punishment and did little to actually modify bad behaviour. Brooke decided that regular floggings promoted an ethos of bravado amongst the men, some came to regard such punishment as a sign of masculinity while a few even claimed to enjoy it. Instead he ordered offenders to be removed from the rank and file, provided with poor accommodation and victuals, and employed in a variety of laborious and mundane tasks. This evoked an element of social disgrace that made the punishment truly corrective, and also provided St Helena with the many gardens and military installations that are still to be seen today.
In 1795, and based on news received from a visiting warship, Brooke initiated an expedition using HEIC ships and Corps to reinforce General Craig's recently captured Dutch colony at the Cape of Good Hope. Brooke's force also assisted in the taking of a fleet of valuable Dutch Indiamen, an act that won him praise, promotion and a considerable increase in salary.

The Fort at High Knoll

At a time when slavery was generally accepted in British colonies, Brooke was one of the first to bring in legislation to improve matters, making the importing of new slaves illegal, and introducing harsh penalties for “owners” found abusing their charges. His measures effectively raised the status of such labour to something nearer to that of serfdom, but by no means ended the atrocity: it would be another forty years or so before St Helena's last 800 slaves began a programme of phased emancipation. That was still ahead of any government ban, however, and Brooke's efforts certainly signalled the start of the later war against slavery that the British were to take up with all the gusto of reformed sinners.

Brooke is certainly mentioned in The Torrid Zone, although I was not able to give him the prominence he deserves for fear of making it less of a novel and more a work of reference. It is good to say more about him here however, and perhaps he might indeed feature later in a book of his own.